There have been a lot of significant Civil War anniversaries as we pass through the sesquicentennial (that would be 150 years) of America’s greatest conflict.
Today marks one of those – the failed assault on Fort Wagner by the 54th Massachusetts regiment, one of the first African-American infantry units to fight in the Civil War.
If you’ve seen the movie Glory, then you’re probably familiar with the story and its significance.
But what does that distant battle off the coast of Charleston, South Carolina have to do with Washington, D.C.?
For me, this anniversary hits close to home – literally. I live in D.C.’s Shaw neighborhood, an historically African-American part of the city near U Street.
The neighborhood is named after Colonel Robert Gould Shaw from Boston, who was the commander of the 54th Massachusetts (and played by Matthew Broderick in the movie).
NPR had a story today on the influential Shaw Memorial by sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens – an amazing piece of bronze sculpture depicting not only Shaw, but his regiment of soldiers marching out of Boston and off to war.
It’s a very significant piece of Nineteenth Century sculpture – both for its artistry and for its heroic depiction of African American soldiers. It took Saint-Gaudens fourteen years to complete, and you can see why when you notice how meticulous the detail is.
Today it sits in a place of honor in Boston Commons, but you don’t have to travel that far to see it.
There’s a plaster cast of the sculpture prominently displayed in a room at the National Gallery of Art, and there will be a major exhibit about the memorial opening in September.
It’s definitely worth a visit, but be sure to also visit the neighborhood of Shaw, about a mile due north of the National Gallery.
The area was first settled by freed slaves during and after the Civil War. It grew into a neighborhood of distinguished Victorian row houses, and became the home of an African-American cultural and intellectual movement that pre-dated the Harlem Renaissance in New York.
Like some other D.C. neighborhoods, it took its name from a nearby school – Shaw Junior High School, which moved into a prominent, curved building on Rhode Island Avenue in 1928 (today it’s an apartment building called Asbury Dwellings).
Shaw fell on hard times in the late Twentieth Century, particularly after the 1968 riots in Washington after the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.
But it’s been undergoing another renaissance – and some extremely rapid gentrification – over the past few years.
There’s a lot of history to see in Shaw, but if you want to continue the Civil War theme, you can visit the African American Civil War Memorial and Museum (at the U Street metro’s 10th Street and Vermont Avenue exit) to learn more about the 54th Massachusetts and countless other African American soldiers.
And you can top it off with a stroll to nearby Shaw’s Tavern – an appropriate place to raise a glass to the 54th and to Colonel Shaw.